past perfect – budowa i użycie

Past perfect – budowa i użycie. Naucz się jak budować oraz kiedy używać czasu past perfect. W tym wpisie znajdziesz wytłumaczenia oraz ćwiczenia na utrwalenie czasu.

Past perfect – budowa i użycie:

Ściągnij lekcję poniżej.

Jak tworzymy past perfect?:


twierdzenia przeczeniapytania
I had been had not = hadn’t been Had I been?
you had been had not = hadn’t been Had you been?
he had been had not = hadn’t been Had he been?
she had been had not = hadn’t been Had she been?
it had been had not = hadn’t been Had it been?
we had been had not = hadn’t been Had we been?
you had been had not = hadn’t been Had you been?
they had been had not = hadn’t been Had they been?

Twierdzenia:

podmiot had past participle dopełnienie
She had been in the park.
They had changed their plan.

Przeczenia:

podmiot hadn’t past participle dopełnienie
You hadn’t been in the park
She hadn’t changed their plan.

Pytania:

Had subject past participle dopełnienie
Had you been in the park?
Had she changed their plan?

Kiedy używamy past perfect?

Zastosowanie 1
do mówienia o przeszłych wydarzeniach, które miały miejsce przed innymi przeszłymi wydarzeniami
Przykłady
Before she went home she had been at the hairdresser’s.
After we had done shopping, we had a dinner.
Zastosowanie 2
do mówienia o zakończonej przeszłej czynności, której efekty były widocze były w przeszłości
Przykłady
He felt much better after he had finished all the work.
She had broken a hip and couldn’t walk for 3 months.

Typowe słowa:

-after

-before

-for/since

-already

-by

-by the time

Sprawdź się:

http://static.digischool.nl/en/grammatica/pastsimpperf-vraag1.htm

https://www.english-4u.de/en/tenses-exercises/past-tense-past-perfect.htm

http://digitalcampus.free.fr/Level3/Unit33/SubUnit333/ChooseTense01.jcl.htm

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