Second conditional – use & construction

Second conditional – use & construction. Learn how to form and when to use zero conditional. Analyze the material from the lesson and then do the online exercises to revise the second conditional.

To get to know other conditionals check the links:

  1. zero conditional – here
  2. first conditional – here
  3. third conditional – here

Second conditional – use & construction

Construction:

*Notice that ‘if’ is never used in the main clause.

When do we use second conditional?:

  • to talk about present or future
  • to describe unrealistic or hypothetical situation

Examples:

  1. What would you do, if you won a lot of money?
  2. If I had a car, I could move around faster.
  3. If I was younger, I would go to South America.
  4. If I earned more, I could afford to buy an apartment.

Other expressions :

  • only if
  • in case
  • providing (that)
  • supposing (that)
  • unless (if not)

Examples:

  1. Supposing you were rich, how would you spend your money?
  2. I would move abroad provided that I could get a good job.
  3. I wouldn’t do it, unless they paid me well.
  4. Only if I worked in a corporation, could I afford such a car.
  5. He took out some money, in case he couldn’t pay by card.

Practise second conditional online:

https://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/courses/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/2cond1.htm

https://www.english-grammar.at/online_exercises/if-clauses/if007-type2.htm

https://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/if_clauses/type_2_mix2.htm

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