present continuous – construction and use

Present continuous – construction and use. In this post you will learn how to form and use present continuous tense. At the bottom of the site you can find links to exercises that will help you practise the tense.

Present continuous – construction and use.

Construction of present continuous:


affirmative negative questions
I I am walking I am not walking Am I walking?
you You are walking You are not/aren’t walking Are you walking?
he He is walking He is not/ isn’t walking Is he walking?
she She is walking She is not/ isn’t walking Is she walking?
it It is walking It is not/ isn’twalking Is it walking?
we We are walking We are not/aren’t walking Are we walking?
you You are walking You are not/aren’t walking Are you walking?
they They are walking They are not/aren’t walking Are they walking?

Affirmative:

subject to be verb+ing object
He is singing at the pub now.
You are making bed.

Negative:

subject to be+not verb+ing object
He isn’t singing at the pub now.
You aren’t making bed.

Questions:

to be subject verb+ing object
Is he singing at the pub now?
Are you making bed?

When do we use it?:

Use 1
to describe an activity happening at the moment of speaking (expressions: now, at the moment, at present)
Examples
She is brushing her teeth now. They are running in the park.
Use 2
To describe somethinh happening currently, but not neccesarily at the moment of speaking
Examples
I am writing a book.
Use 3
to describe a temporary situation
Examples
I am living in Tokyo now. → nie mieszkam tam na stałe / I don’t live there permanently.
Use 4
to describe changes and trends (using the verb get)
Examples
Cities are getting bigger. My hair is getting longer.
Use 5
to express future – to talk about something that we planned and we are sure of it
Examples
I am meeting Mary tomorrow at 8 p.m.

Typical words:

  • now
  • at the moment
  • at present
  • currently

Practise online:

https://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/present_progressive_auxiliaries.htm

http://mrbrownslearningspace.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Present_Progressive_2.htm

https://agendaweb.org/verbs/present-continuous/index.html

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