present perfect – construction and use

Present perfect – construction and use. Learn how to form and when to use present perfect tense. Then, go to the bottom of the site and do the online exercises.

Present perfect – construction and use.

Construction of present perfect:


affirmative negative questions
I have been have not = haven’t been Have I been?
you have been have not = haven’t been Have you been?
he has been has not = hasn’t been Has he been?
she has been has not = hasn’t been Has she been?
it has been has not = hasn’t been Has it been?
we have been have not = haven’t been Have we been?
you have been have not = haven’t been Have you been?
they have been have not = haven’t been Have they been?

Affirmative:

subject has/have III from object
She has been to China
They have changed her mind

Negative:

subject haven’t/ hasn’t III from object
You haven’t been to China
She hasn’t changed her mind

Questions:

Have/has subject III form object
Have you been to China?
Has she changed her mind?

How to make III form?

regular verbs:

– by adding -ed ending e.g. change – changed

irregular verbs:

– have to be learnt by heart e.g. bring – brought

Important!

the verb is always used in III form (in affirmative, negative and questions)

When do we use present perfect?:

Use 1
to talk about unstated time in the past ( we don’t know when something happend)
Examples
She has been to Paris.
Use 2
to talk about activities that started in the past and continue up to now (with „for” or „since”)
Examples
I have lived in Sweden for a year. I have lived in Sweden since 2018.
Use 3
to talk about things that happend recently
Examples
I have written a book lately.
Use 4
to talk about how much we have done till now (using „so far”)
Examples
I have done 3 exercises so far.
Use 5
asking about experience (using „ever”) or talking about lack of expereince (using „never”)
Examples
Have you ever been abroad? I have never driven so fast.
Use 6
to talk about something that has just been done
Examples
I have just swum in the ocean.
Use 7
to talk about something that has already been done ( using „already” or „yet”)
Examples
already (positive sentences)
They have already spoken to the minister.
yet –(negative sentences and questions)
They havn’t washed the baby yet.
Has she turned on the TV yet?
Use 8
when an activity has connection with present e.g. the day hasn’t ended yet
Examples
I have been to the dentist today. They have sold 1 mln newspapers this month.

Present perfect – typical words:

  • for, since
  • already, yet
  • ever, never
  • so far
  • just
  • lately, recently
  • this week, this year, today

Practise present perfect online:

present perfect

https://agendaweb.org/exercises/verbs/present-perfect-multiple

https://www.learnenglish.de/games/tenses/prespersim.html

https://agendaweb.org/exercises/verbs/present-perfect-mixed

III form / past participle

https://matchthememory.com/pastparticiple

https://www.grammar.cl/Games/Past_Participles.htm

http://www.letshavefunwithenglish.com/games/irregular_verbs/past_participles/index.html

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