present simple – construction and use

Present simple – construction and use . In this post you will learn how to form and use present simple tense. At the bottom of the site you can find links to exercises that will help you practise the tense.

Present simple – construction and use.

Construction of present simple:

affirmative negative questions
I work do not = don’t work Do I work?
you work do not = don’t work Do you work?
he works does not = doesn’t work Does he work?
she works does not = doesn’t work Does she work?
it works does not = doesn’t work Does it work?
we work do not = don’t work Do we work?
you work do not = don’t work Do you work?
they work do not = don’t work Do they work?


we add -s or -es ending to the singular verb in the 3rd form (he, she it)

when do we add -es /kiedy dodajemy -es?

  • one syllable verbs – go -goes, do – does
  • verbs ending with x – box – boxes
  • ending with sh – wash – washes
  • verbs ending with ch – watch – watches

when do we change “y” into “i”?

if “y” at the end of a word is preceeded by a consonant – study – studies

Questions & negative sentences:

we put -s/-es ending only in one place in a sentence

She doesn’t work. instead of She doesn’t works.

Does he work. instead of Does he works?

When do we use present simple?:

Use 1
to talk about repetitive activities, using adverbs of frequency (always, often, usually, sometimes, rarely, seldom, never) or adverbials of frequency (once a month, twice a week, every summer)
She goes to school every day. They always drink coffee in the morning. She is never late.
Use 2
to talk about our habits
I go to the gym three times a week.
Use 3
to talk about permanent situation
I live in Stockholm. I work as a teacher.
Use 4
to express facts and scientific rules
Water boils in 100 degress.
He has long hair.
Use 5
to report sport events
Andersson passes football to Peterson.
Use 6
to express future – when we talk about timetables or schedules
The train leaves at 7 a.m. tomorrow. The film starts at 8 p.m.

Practise online:

Present simple

Adverbs of frequency

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