past perfect continuous tense

Past perfect continuous tense- use and construction. Learn how to form and when to use past perfect continuous tense. You will find all the needed explanations and some online exercises.

Get to know other past tenses – go here.

Past perfect continuous tense – use and construction

Construction of past perfect continuous:


affirmative negative questions
I had been walking had not = haven’t been walking Had I been walking?
you had been walking had not = haven’t been walking Had you been walking?
he had been walking had not = hasn’t been walking Had he been walking?
she had been walking had not = hasn’t been walking Had she been walking?
it had been walking had not = hasn’t been walking Had it been walking?
we had been walking had not = haven’t been walking Had we been walking?
you had been walking had not = haven’t been walking Had you been walking?
they had been walking had not = haven’t been walking Had they been walking?

Affirmative:

subject had been gerund (verb+ing) object
She had been living in the USA.
They had been singing for one hour.

Negative:

subject hadn’t been gerund (verb+ing) object
You hadn’t been living in the USA.
She hadn’t been singing for one hour.

Questions:

Had subject been gerund (verb+ing) object
Had you been living in the USA?
Had she been singing for one hour?

When do we use it?

Use 1
to talk about action continuing over a period up to a specific point in the past
Examples
She had been saving for 6 months before she could afford a car.
Use 2
to talk about a past action of certain duration that had visible results in the past
Examples
He had been running for two hours and his feet were sore.

Typical words:

-for

-since

-before

-after

Practise online:

http://mrbrownslearningspace.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Past_Perfect_Progressive_1.htm

https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/past-perfect-progressive/exercises

http://mrbrownslearningspace.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Past_Perfect_Progressive_2.htm

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