past perfect tense

Past perfect tense – use and construction. Learn how to from and when to use past perfect tense. In this post you will find explanations together with some online exercises.

Get to know more past tenses – go here – you will learn past perfect continuous.

Past perfect tense- use and construction:

Construction of past perfect:


twierdzenia przeczeniapytania
I had been had not = hadn’t been Had I been?
you had been had not = hadn’t been Had you been?
he had been had not = hadn’t been Had he been?
she had been had not = hadn’t been Had she been?
it had been had not = hadn’t been Had it been?
we had been had not = hadn’t been Had we been?
you had been had not = hadn’t been Had you been?
they had been had not = hadn’t been Had they been?

Affirmative:

subject had past participle object
She had been in the park.
They had changed their plan.

Negative:

subject hadn’t past participle object
You hadn’t been in the park
She hadn’t changed their plan.

Questions :

Had subject past participle object
Had you been in the park?
Had she changed their plan?

When do we use it?

Use 1
To talk about past actions which occured before another past actions or stated time in the past
Examples
Before she went home she had been at the hairdresser’s.
After we had done shopping, we had a dinner.
Use 2
To talk about complete past actions which had visible results in the past
Examples
He felt much better after he had done all the work.
She had broken a hip and couldn’t walk for 3 months.

Typical words:

-after

-before

-for/since

-already

-by

-by the time

Practise online:

http://static.digischool.nl/en/grammatica/pastsimpperf-vraag1.htm

https://www.english-4u.de/en/tenses-exercises/past-tense-past-perfect.htm

http://digitalcampus.free.fr/Level3/Unit33/SubUnit333/ChooseTense01.jcl.htm

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